Linked list

In computer science, a linked list is a data structure consisting of a group of nodes which together represent a sequence. Under the simplest form, each node is composed of a datum and a reference (in other words, a link) to the next node in the sequence; more complex variants add additional links. This structure allows for efficient insertion or removal of elements from any position in the sequence. [ Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linked_list ]

Linked List

Linked List

Following is the Java implementation of a linked list:

class LinkedList{
    class Node{
        int data;
        Node next;
        public Node( int data ){
            this.data=data;
        }
    }
    class OverflowException extends RuntimeException{
        public OverflowException(){
            super("Overflow: No memory left");
        }

        public String toString(){
            return "OverflowException: No memory left";
        }
    }
    class UnderflowException extends RuntimeException{
        public UnderflowException(){
            super("Underflow: No node left");
        }

        public String toString(){
            return "UnderflowException: No node left";
        }
    }
    private Node start;
    public Linklist(){
        start=null;
    }

    public boolean isEmpty(){
        return start==null;
    }

    public void addNodeAtEnd( int data){
        try{
            Node newNode = new Node( data );
            if( isEmpty() ) start = newNode;
            else{
                Node last = start;
                while( last.next != null ){
                    last = last.next;
                }
                last.next = newNode;
            }
        }catch( OutOfMemoryError e ){
            throw new OverflowException();
        }
    }

    public void addNodeAtBeg( int data ){
        try{
            Node newNode = new Node( data );
            if( isEmpty() ) start = newNode;
            else{
                newNode.next = start;
                start = newNode;
            }
        }catch( OutOfMemoryError e ){
            throw new OverflowException();

        }
    }

    public int removeNodeFromBeg(){
        if( isEmpty() ){
            throw new UnderflowException();
        }
        int data = start.data;
        start = start.next;
        return data;
    }

    public int removeNodeFromEnd(){
        if( isEmpty() ){
            throw new UnderflowException();
        }
        int data;
        if( start.next==null){
            data = start.data;
            start = null;
        }else{
            Node last = start, secondLast=null;
            while( last.next != null ){
                secondLast=last;
                last = last.next;
            }
            data = last.data;
            secondLast.next=null;
        }
        return data;
    }

    public void display(){
        Node temp = start;
        while( temp!= null ){
            System.out.print(temp.data+" ");
            temp = temp.next;
        }
        System.out.println();
    }

    public void addNodeAtPos( int data, int pos ){
        try{
            Node temp = start;
            Node newNode = new Node(data);
            if(pos == 1){
                newNode.next = start;
                start = newNode;
            }else {
                for( int i = 1; i < pos-1 ; i++ ){
                    if(  temp==null || temp.next == null ){
                        throw new IllegalArgumentException();
                    }
                    temp=temp.next;
                }
                newNode.next= temp.next;
                temp.next= newNode;
            }

        }catch(OutOfMemoryError e){
            start = null;
            throw new OverflowException();
        }
    }

    public int removeNodeFromPos(int pos){
        Node temp=start;
        int data;
        if( isEmpty() ){
            throw new UnderflowException();
        }else if(pos < 1){
            throw new UnderflowException();
        }else{
            for(int x=1;x < pos-1;x++){
                temp=temp.next;
                if(temp.next==null){
                    throw new UnderflowException();
                }
            }
            data = (temp.next).data;
            temp.next = (temp.next).next;
            return data;
        }
    }
}

 

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Vinay Singh

Computer Teacher at Saint John's Academy
I am a GNU/Linux enthusiast and a computer science teacher by profession based at Allahabad, India. My hobbies include reading (mostly computer related stuff) and photography.
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